Anläasslich des Referendums im Juli in Griechenland sprach Adam Szymczyk mit Margarita Tsomou in Athen. Das Gespräch wurde am 3. July auf. Das griechische Referendum war ein am 5. Juli während der Staatsschuldenkrise abgehaltenes Referendum über die Ablehnung oder Annahme. Die Bedeutung des Referendums könnte für Griechenland und die EU kaum größer sein. Seit dem Morgen stimmen die Griechen ab: Unterstützen sie ihre. Abonnieren Sie unsere FAZ. Im November wird klar: Der Ton wird noch rauer, die Drohgebärden drastischer. Februar einen Antrag auf Verlängerung der Finanzhilfen für Griechenland en. Von einer "klaren und verständlichen Formulierung" kann bei dem Referendum in der Tat nicht die Rede sein. Bitte überprüfen Sie Ihre Eingaben. Wer hätte dies gedacht: Das voraussichtliche Haushaltsdefizit liegt bei rund 12,5 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts, doppelt so hoch wie zunächst angenommen. Immer auf dem Laufenden Sie haben Post! Insbesondere ist es nicht gestattet, das überlassene Programmangebot durch Werbung zu unterbrechen oder sonstige online-typische Werbeformen zu verwenden, etwa durch Pre-Roll- oder Post-Roll-Darstellungen, Splitscreen oder Overlay. Tsipras schlägt Deal über zwei Jahre vor Notkredite: Wie beim Nein gilt: Die wichtigsten Fragen und Antworten. Juli findet das Referendum über die Sparauflagen statt.
Referendum Griechenland VideoReferendum in Griechenland: Befürworter und Gegner praktisch gleichauf
Der deutsche Wirtschaftsminister Gabriel meinte in einem Interview: Es gelte nun, das Land "nicht im Stich zu lassen. Die Regierung Tsipras müsse nun Vorschläge unterbreiten.
Griechenland könne aber nicht erwarten, dass alle anderen 18 Euro-Staaten, deren Parlamente und Regierungen ebenfalls demokratisch legitimiert seien, die Wünsche Griechenlands akzeptieren würden.
Der Vorschlag wurde wiederum abgelehnt. Varoufakis trat zurück und begründete dies damit, dass dies die Verhandlungen mit den Eurogruppen-Partnern erleichtern würde.
Juli übersandte die griechische Regierung einen von Ministerpräsident Tsipras unterzeichneten Vorschlag an die Euro-Gruppe, dessen Inhalt weitgehend mit dem im Referendum abgelehnten Vorschlag übereinstimmte.
Juli ein Kompromiss gefunden. Juli kam es in Folge dieser Abstimmung zu einer Regierungsumbildung. Mehrere Minister des linken Flügels von Syriza wurden entlassen.
Die Regierung wird nun von der Abgeordneten gestützt und soll als Minderheitsregierung mit Duldung der Opposition fortgeführt werden, um die Sparvorgaben umzusetzen.
September sind Neuwahlen geplant. September trat Tsipras seine zweite Amtszeit als Ministerpräsident an. Weblink offline IABot Wikipedia: Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.
Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Instead they had lowered their demand for a public budget primary surplus from the previously required 4.
Their "pension reform", it said, was calling for the cancellation of incentives for early retirement, along with moving to a system in which all people in Greece received pensions on the same terms not treating some sectors more beneficially than others.
The claim by Juncker that there were no pension cuts in the proposal raised eyebrows, with Financial Times journalist Peter Spiegel tweeting that it was "simply not true".
Other important elements of the proposals, the European Commission said, were: Further, the European Commission signaled that the referendum question, to which they would recommend a "Yes", from its viewpoint should be understood as whether or not Greece wanted to remain part of Europe and the Eurozone, which at the present state included acceptance of receiving conditional bailout help on a set of mutually negotiated and agreed terms.
The Commission claimed the biggest impediment to jobs, growth and investment at the moment in Greece, was not the contents of the Institution's bailout proposals, but instead a paralyzing uncertainty caused by the Greek government's decision to cut itself off from continued bailout support and a moratorium on implementing structural reforms.
According to the Commission, this uncertainty and standstill could only be removed if Greece at the negotiating table agreed on one of the latest compromise proposals which the Institutions had tabled after accommodating a range of objections and requests tabled by the Greek government.
They claimed the confidence effect of voting "Yes" to the settlement of such a deal, the predictability it would bring, together with the injection of liquidity into the economy from disbursements, would restore job creation and growth to the benefit of Greece.
The Council of Europe stated that the Greek referendum does not meet European standards, as voters were not given a two-week period to make up their minds, as non-binding guidelines recommend.
Due to the hasty schedule, the Council of Europe was not able to send election observers and the Greek government had not requested them either. The United Nations Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order and on human rights and international law , Alfred de Zayas and Virginia Dandan respectively, welcomed the Greek referendum and called for international solidarity, while expressing disappointment that the IMF and the EU have failed to reach a non austerity based solution yet, and supporting that no treaty or loan agreement can force a country to violate the civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of its population, nor can a loan agreement negate the sovereignty of a State.
There has been substantial disagreement between campaigns on the implications of the referendum, and the public has interpreted it in a variety of ways.
Tsipras declared "On Sunday, we are not simply deciding to remain in Europe -- we are deciding to live with dignity in Europe". Many international leaders as well as mainstream economists and media warned that if the "No" vote leads to a failure to secure continued bailout support for Greece in due time, this would likely lead to a broader Greek sovereign default , a haircut on Greek bank deposits, a collapse of the banking sector, followed by an aggravated depression of the Greek economy, and a Greek exit from the euro area.
Eurogroup president Jeroen Dijsselbloem said that "in case of a 'No', Greece's financial situation will become exceptionally difficult The economic problems will be even bigger and an aid programme more difficult to implement".
Other European leaders have also criticized the Greek government's representation of the referendum options, with EU leaders saying that they would see a "No" vote as a rejection of Europe.
Public opinion strongly favours keeping the euro. A majority of European leaders,  and the US President Obama have expressed the opinion that Greece should remain in the monetary union.
In his initial address, when prime minister Tsipras of the ruling Syriza party announced the plebiscite on 5 July, he recommended a "No" vote to the Greek people.
ANEL, the other ruling party in coalition with Syriza, announced that they were campaigning for a "No" vote. KKE declared it was against both of the latest two versions of the cash-for-reform counter proposals being submitted to the negotiation table between Greece and its public creditors the counter proposal of the Greek government, and the latest compromise counter proposal of the institutions , and said that it would try to change the question of the referendum, so that people can vote not only against the latest compromise counter-proposal of the Institutions but also against the latest counter-proposal of the Greek government.
Keynesian economists like James K. Galbraith  and Thomas Piketty ,  along with Nobel prize in Economics recipients Paul Krugman  and Joseph Stiglitz ,  individually expressed their support for the "No" vote on the referendum, arguing that the current austerity programme is a bad option from an economic point of view.
According to opinion polls, since the imposition of capital controls in Greece as a result of the ECB 's decision not to enlarge its Emergency Liquidity Assistance programme in Greece, there was a trend from a clear No-vote majority to a head-to-head race, or even a slight advantage for the Yes-vote, to accept the proposed bailout terms as of 3 July Poll results listed in the table below are in reverse chronological order and use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication.
If that date is unknown, the date of publication is given. But unfortunately, world politics has not created an ideal world. The idea that the referendum results will provide Kurds with leverage in dealing with Baghdad might not work, and it actually might backfire and lead to further escalation.
It is unclear how the results of the referendum can help the Kurdish cause. There are several unanswered questions that seriously question the necessity of such a referendum.
Assuming that the Kurdish people vote in favor of independence, how can the Kurdish leadership cope with that result? How would the international community, great powers in particular, receive such a unilateral decision by the Kurdistan Region?
Considering the existence of a sizable Kurdish community in the neighboring countries, particularly Turkey and Iran, how would they react to such a referendum?
To what extent might the referendum endanger the integral economic and political contribution of Turkey and Iran in the development of the Kurdistan Region?
Is the Kurdish leadership ready to declare independence while excluding the disputed territories? Other than an emotional triumph and the revival of nationalism, the referendum will not result in any tangible positive developments.
Currently the Kurdistan Region is facing a financial crisis. Baghdad refuses to fully make the rightful payments to the Kurdistan Regional Government.
As a result, the KRG is facing harsh difficulties in paying the salaries of its employees on time. The financial crisis is also having an adverse impact on the investment projects and economic movements in the region, and it is unclear how long the financial crisis facing the KRG will last.
Holding the referendum will require a great deal of financial resources. Therefore, the cost of the establishment of the Kurdistan election commission, which is yet to be established, and the cost of the referendum per se will put another financial burden on the KRG.
He is based in Erbil. Add contribution as a guest. Comment as a guest. All site News Programs Comments. Professional knowledge in the complex field of international politics requires not only good education, but also some skill and experience in economics and in legal aspects of international relations.
Unfortunately, in the above mentioned conclusions there are no direct and logical connections between causes and consequences of the ongoing conflict and disputes, and between the main purpose of the referendum and current tasks that need to be addressed urgently.
The aim of the referendum is not gaining tactical advantages or "providing leverage in dealing" with Baghdad, but to establish an independent state of South Kurdistan following the legitimate political will of the people.
Yes, the world is not perfect. It is nothing new and unknown. What about other nations and peoples that already established states or declared sovereignty in this non ideal world?